Somalia has been facing recurrent droughts for decades, which have been exacerbated by climate change, conflict, and displacement. These droughts have had devastating effects on the country’s agriculture, livestock, and water resources, and have resulted in widespread food insecurity and malnutrition.
The most recent drought occurred in 2022 and affected over 2.2 million people, including many internally displaced persons (IDPs) who had already been forced to flee their homes due to conflict and insecurity. The drought led to significant livestock losses and crop failures, and caused widespread hunger and malnutrition.
The situation was further compounded by the COVID-19 pandemic, which disrupted supply chains and limited access to markets, exacerbating the food insecurity situation in the country.
International humanitarian organizations have been providing assistance to affected populations, including food aid, water, and health services, but the ongoing conflict and insecurity in many parts of the country make it difficult to reach all those in need. Long-term solutions to address the root causes of the droughts, such as climate change and environmental degradation, are urgently needed to prevent future crises.